The Beatles are undoubtedly historys most influential Rock and Roll
band. At a time when Rock and Roll music had mellowed dramatically
due to performers such as Fabian, Frankie Avalon, Chubby Checker,
and The Beach Boys, guitar based Rock and Roll was supposedly on its
way out. The Beatles repopularized a form of music that had been
established by earlier performers of the 1950s but, had begun to
fade by the early 1960s due to the taming efforts of the recording
In the early 1950s when Rock and Roll first evolved from a combination of
country, gospel, and rythem and blues, the primary performers used a
mixture of brass instruments,pianos, drums, and vocals to create what would
become Rock and Roll. Bill Haley and the Comets, Fats Domino, Little Richard, and
Jerry Lee Lewis are all examples of Rock of the early 1950s that had little or no guitar.
It wasn't until performers like Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, and Buddy Holly became
popular that the electric guitar was brought in as the preferred instrument.